After the fall of Adam and the subsequent races, the account of the repopulation of the earth is found in Genesis chapter nine. Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth, but it is Ham who is of particular interest to us.

The sons of Ham were: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. The sons of Cush: Sheba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. Cush also fathered Nimrod; he was the one who began to be a mighty one on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, ‘Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.’ He first had his kingdom in Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. Mizraim fathered Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim, from whom came the Philistines, and Caphtorim. Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth; the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward, the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. The territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon in the direction of Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim as far as Lasha. These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, in their lands, and in their nations. Genesis 10:6-20

The biblical account of the dispersion of nations places all of humanity immediately in the Mesopotamian valley, particularly the four sons of Ham—Cush, Mizraim, Phut, and Canaan. These sons will be the focus of our study in this section. Cush is another word for Ethiopia. In much of the Bible, Ethiopia is not a nation but a people. Mizraim was the ancient name for Egypt. Ethiopia and Egypt were known to be brothers. Phut was Libya, and Canaan was their brother. Implicitly, this means we should read our Bibles understanding that every time we talk about a Canaanite, he was as dark as a Cushite.

In itself, this should also change our perspective on several figures in Scripture. The immediate example that stands out in the passage we just read is Nimrod. Nimrod was a Cushite, an Ethiopian, and a Black man who built the Tower of Babel and much of Babylon, located in the Mesopotamian valley. The extent of Black dominion thus extended to Asia.


The earliest significant inventions were made by the Hamites, although modern history has not given them credit for their work. In his book “Noah’s Three Sons,” Arthur Constance writes:

The people whose inventiveness is to be explored and illustrated fairly extensively are all assumed not to be Shemites or Japethites and are therefore descendants of Ham. This includes in one word all those who are Negroes or Mongoloids, which in fact includes the founders of virtually all Asian civilization in the Middle East, Africa, the Far East, and the New World, as well as present or recently extinct primitive people.

He continues his argument about Hamite inventions, saying:

It can be shown that the Hamites have been, quite unexpectedly, the world’s greatest inventors, although very few people, except perhaps archaeologists, ethnologists, and cultural anthropologists, have been aware of it. Recognition of our own debt to them has been too long delayed.

In his book “Slavery in History,” Gurowski writes:

The architects, artists, merchants, mechanics, operators, mariners, farmers, and shepherds of ancient Egypt were undoubtedly of black stock.

John W. Weatherwax, in his work titled “The African Contribution,” stated:

Modern cannons, flying missiles, ship propellers, gas engines, meat cleavers, and even saddle hammers were developed using early African power utilization.

Volume eighteen of the History of Nations says of Africa:

The African continent is not a recent discovery; it is not a new world like America or Australia. While Europe was still the home of wandering barbarians, one of the most wonderful civilizations known to man had begun shaping its destiny on the banks of the Nile.

Thomas Sowell notes that ancient Europe was more underdeveloped than Africa. Regarding Britain, he writes:

Before ancient Britain was invaded and conquered by Roman legions, not a single Briton had done anything to leave his name in the pages of history… It is estimated that a thousand years passed before the material standard of living in Europe rose to the level achieved under the Romans. Even in the early nineteenth century, no European city had a water supply system as reliable as that enjoyed by many European cities in Roman times.

After his journey to Syria and Egypt, C.F. Volney stated:

And this race of Blacks, today our slave and the object of our scorn, is that very race to which we owe our arts, sciences, and even the use of speech; and finally, remember that it is in the midst of that people which pretends to be the greatest supporter of liberty and humanity that the most barbarous of all slaveries has been sanctioned, and it has been questioned whether Blacks have brains of the same quality as those of Whites.

In 1893, Reclus commented on Egypt in his book “The Earth and Its Inhabitants,” saying:

A great civilized power at a time when Europe was invaded by savage tribes. Arithmetic, architecture, geometry, astrology, all the arts and almost all the industries and sciences of today were known while the Greeks lived in caves. The model for our thinking was born in Africa. Thanks to their study of astronomy, the Egyptians, for example, were able to use their knowledge of signs and seasons to determine certain days and the duration of a year, and, most importantly, to apply them to planting and harvesting. The practice they initiated then still exists among many modern farmers, who rarely sow without consulting their almanac – their planting guide that illustrates the phases and positions of the moon.


The biblical account of the first high-rise construction is the Tower of Babel, initiated by a Black man, Nimrod, a Cushite, another word for Ethiopia. As mentioned earlier, Ethiopia was not a nation but a people who occupied a stretch of land from Asia to the African continent. Nimrod is believed to be the same man revered in Greek mythology as Hercules.

As mentioned earlier, Gurowski confirmed that the artists, architects, merchants, mechanics, operators, mariners, farmers, and shepherds of ancient Egypt were of Black stock. We must, therefore, stop viewing Blacks as merely a group of people who occupied the gun-shaped continent called Africa. In the words of Rawlinson in the book “Seven Great Monarchies“:

The Babylonians were of Ethiopian blood, and the Chaldeans should be regarded as Blacks, not as Semites or Arameans.

Another author, Jastro, in his book “Hebrew and Babylonian Traditions,” claims that the Babylonians chose to call themselves the people of the ‘black head.’ We must keep in mind that at that time, color was not really used to categorize people; hence, it mattered little whether people were Black, Brown, or White.

The Encyclopedia Britannica mentions that the earliest Sumerians of Babylonia were not Semitic but Negroid people. The oldest sculptural remains discovered at Elam, an Asian city in the Mesopotamian valley that bordered Babylonia, provided indisputable evidence of Black regional dominance in its early days. The reader should keep in mind that many of the methods of writing, counting, and construction used in the world were given to us by the inhabitants of the Mesopotamian valley.

Mizraim, another name for Egypt, was the second son of Ham. This makes him of African blood. Mizraim, Cush, and Phut traveled and began settling in the upper parts of Africa. Egypt occupied what was known as Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. As a result of this dispersion, Egypt became a very strong empire with a vast army that protected its borders and a sophisticated culture that made it superior to its neighboring nations.

It had its own system of rule, primarily composed of pharaohs. Great pharaohs rose to power; pharaohs like Ahmose, Mennis, Kofo Amenomorphis, Amenhotep, and Ramses II. When Herodotus, the Greek historian, visited Egypt in 450 B.C., he described the nation located to the southwest of Egypt as Ethiopian and stated, ‘Here gold is found in great abundance.’

We must re-establish that when Scripture refers to Ethiopia, it is more than a nation; it is a people, and in this case, given the fact that Egypt, Mizraim, was a Black person, Cush was also an Ethiopian. These two names refer to a people who occupied a region of the world later known as Africa, not two nations. While the origin of the word Egypt is not certain, Ethiopia is the Greek term for ‘burnt face’ or Black people.

Egypt was a land of advanced architecture; the world’s oldest stone structures are found in ancient Egypt. The great pyramids, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were built by the Egyptians. They were constructed with perfect symmetry, a result of the early Egyptians’ engineering skills. One of these pyramids, known as the Great Pyramid, would be large enough to contain St. Paul’s Cathedral, Westminster Abbey, the Basilica of Rome, the cathedrals of Florence and Milan all within itself.

They built the Great Sphinx, which was at the time the wonder of the world. The Egyptians also built the temple of Amon, which stretched three hundred and thirty-eight feet in width and twelve hundred feet in length, the largest of its kind built by man. The Egyptians did not just master architecture; they also gave the world what became modern mathematics.

Ancient Africa was fortunate to possess all kinds of minerals. In his book “The Civilization of Ancient Egypt,” Paul Johnson writes:

They made and wore large quantities of fine jewelry—rings, diadems, earrings, anklets, bangles, and sheaths. They were made of gold, silver, and electrum as well as feldspar, carnelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, garnets, and hematite.

The Egyptians excelled in jewelry making, proving that Africa has always been a land rich in minerals. The Egyptians were the first to tame wild horses, breed them, and produce the world’s finest horses. We read in 2 Chronicles 1:16-17 that Solomon bought horses from the Egyptians:

Now Solomon had horses imported from Egypt and Kue; the king’s traders received them from Kue at the going price. They imported a chariot from Egypt for 600 shekels of silver and a horse for 150; likewise through them these were exported to all the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Syria.

The dominion and power of Egypt began thirty-three hundred years before Christianity with an initial fusion of Lower and Upper Egypt. These two kingdoms were separated until they were united; hence, the great pharaohs wore crowns bearing both the serpent and falcon sign. The serpent represented Lower Egypt, while the falcon represented Upper Egypt.

It became a powerful government and built empires that extended in all directions, dominating its brothers, the Canaanites, and Palestine for a longer period. Remember that these were Africans, Black Egyptians; they were skilled in mathematics, medicine, engineering, and agriculture. They surveyed the land they lived on. Pythagoras is believed to have learned mathematics from them.

It was Black Arabs who created algebra from the Arabic ‘al-jabr.’ These same Moors, or Black Arabs, conquered Spain and Portugal and introduced algebra to Europe. The spread of the Black race and its influence on world civilization is also described in Herbert Wendt’s book, “It Began In Babel,” where he asserts, “Crete was the dominant power during and up to the second century B.C. and European civilization was born in Crete.” Crete was founded by Blacks. Egypt, in its relationship with all of Africa…

This text is from the book ” What’s Wrong with Being BLACK ?” written by Matthew Ashimolowo.

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